23:4 Do not wear yourself out to get rich [do not allow the pursuit of wealth to control your life]; have the wisdom to show restraint.
23:5 Cast but a glance at riches, and they are gone, for they will surely sprout wings and fly off to the sky like an eagle.
23:13 Do not withhold discipline [correction] from a child; if you punish him with the rod, he will not die [but the child may die (as a result of engaging in life-threatening behavior) if not corrected properly].
23:14 Punish him with the rod and save [proper punishment may help a child avoid behavior that is life-threatening] his soul from death [Sheol, the place of the dead].
23:19 [parents need to talk to their children about the dangers of alcohol and illicit drugs…] Listen, my son, and be wise, and keep [guide] your heart [control your thinking] on the right [straight] path.
23:20 Do not join [associate with] those who drink too much wine [drunkards] or gorge themselves on meat [gluttons],
23:21 for [because of the impact alcohol has on one’s ability to think clearly] drunkards and gluttons become poor, and drowsiness [a lack of mental alertness] clothes them in rags.
23:24 The father of a righteous man [a child who acts responsibly and makes choices that honor God] has great joy; he who has a wise son delights in him.
23:29 [note emotional trauma that results from drunkenness…] Who has woe? Who has sorrow? [note interpersonal strife that results from drunkenness…] Who has strife? Who has complaints? [note physical problems that result from drunkenness…] Who has needless [for no reason] bruises? Who has bloodshot eyes?
23:30 Those who linger over wine, who go to sample bowls of mixed wine [note: the loved ones of the intoxicated individual also suffer].
23:31 Do not gaze at wine [advertisers today present alcoholic products in a positive, glamorous, and appealing light…] when it is red, when it sparkles in the cup, when it goes down smoothly!
23:32 In the end [those who drink usually only consider the immediate pleasure rather than the long-term consequences] it bites like a snake and poisons like a viper.
23:33 [alcohol impairs the senses and the mind…] Your eyes will see strange sights and your mind imagine confusing [absurd; perverse] things.
23:34 [alcohol disorients the intoxicated person…] You will be like one sleeping on the high seas, lying on top of the rigging [a place that accentuated the effects of the rolling billows of the sea].
23:35 [alcohol dulls the senses…] “They hit me,” you will say, “but I’m not hurt! They beat me, but I don’t feel it! When will I wake up so I can find another drink?”