19:1 Saul told [Saul’s instructions meant to drive a wedge between Jonathan and David] his son Jonathan and all the attendants to kill [and thus eliminate him as a rival to the throne] David. But Jonathan was very fond of David
19:2 and warned [indication of Jonathan’s love and loyalty to David; communication is essential in friendship] him, “My father Saul is looking for a chance to kill you. Be on your guard [cf. 1 Pet. 5:8] tomorrow morning; go into hiding and stay there.
Note: Jonathan was concerned about David’s welfare.
19:3 I will go out and stand with my father in the field where you are. I’ll speak to him about you [Jonathan was David’s advocate] and will tell you what I find out.”
19:4 Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father and said to him, “Let not the king do wrong to his servant David; he has not wronged you, and what he has done has benefited you greatly.
Note: Jonathan was concerned about David’s reputation.
19:5 He took his life in his hands when he killed the Philistine. The LORD won a great victory for all Israel, and you saw it and were glad. Why then would you do wrong to an innocent man like David by killing him for no reason? [cf. 1 Sam. 20:32]”
19:6 Saul listened [Jonathan’s words (temporarily) brought Saul back to his senses] to Jonathan and took this oath: “As surely as the LORD lives, David will not be put to death. [Saul quickly and conveniently forgot his promise as per v. 11]”
19:7 So Jonathan called David and told him the whole conversation. He brought him to Saul, and David was with Saul as before.
1 Samuel 19:11-12
19:11 Saul [jealousy progressed to murderous plot] sent men [assassins] to David’s house to watch it and to kill him in the morning. But Michal [Saul’s daughter found out about the plot], David’s wife [chose to be loyal to her husband], warned him, “If you don’t run for your life tonight, tomorrow you’ll be killed.”
19:12 So Michal let David down through a window [apparently, David’s house built into the city wall; cf. Acts 9:23-25], and he fled and escaped.
1 Samuel 19:18
19:18 When David had fled and made his escape, he went to Samuel at Ramah [birthplace of Samuel (cf. 1:19); David found shelter with Samuel] and told him [David received comfort and counsel from Samuel, a man he could trust] all that Saul had done to him. Then he and Samuel went to Naioth [located near Ramah; probably a compound of dwellings/community of prophets (like a monastery or convent)] and stayed there.