22:1 Then David said, “The house of the Lord God [see Ps. 30] is to be here [at the site of Araunah’s threshing floor], and also the altar of burnt offering for Israel.”
Note: The “house of the Lord God” stood at the sight of Araunah’s threshing floor for the next thousand years, except for the period of its destruction by Nebuchadnezzar.
22:2 So David gave orders to assemble [forced labor] the aliens [foreigners] living [personally free] in Israel [without political rights and vulnerable to exploitation], and from among them he appointed stonecutters to prepare dressed stone for building the house of God.
22:3 He provided a large amount of iron to make nails for the doors of the gateways and for the fittings, and more bronze than could be weighed.
22:4 He also provided more cedar logs [see 1 Kings 5:13-14 concerning the amount of labor it took to handle the logs] than could be counted, for the Sidonians [from Sidon] and Tyrians [from Tyre] had brought large numbers of them to David.
Note: Phoenician cities of Sidon and Tyre located on the coastal plain between the mountains of Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea.
22:5 David said, “My son Solomon [fourth son born to David by Bathsheba] is young [Josephus suggested he was 14] and inexperienced, and the house to be built for the Lord should be of great magnificence and fame and splendor in the sight of all the nations. Therefore I will make preparations for it.” So David made extensive preparations before his death.
Note: David gathered materials, organized workers, and developed plans for a project he conceived but would not personally accomplish.
22:6 Then he called for his son Solomon and charged him [see 1 Kings 8:17-18] to build a house for the Lord, the God of Israel.
22:7 David said to Solomon: “My son, I had it in my heart [25 years earlier: see 2 Sam. 7] to build a house for the Name of the Lord my God.
22:8 But this word of the Lord came to me [by the prophet Nathan before Solomon’s birth: see 1 Chron. 17:4]: ‘You have shed much blood [see also 1 Chron. 28:3] and have fought many wars. You are not to build a house for my Name [since purpose of God to eliminate war one day, appropriate for a man of peace to build His Temple], because you have shed much blood on the earth in my sight.
Note: David’s heart was in the right place but he was not the one God would allow to build the Temple (2 Chron. 6:8) because he was guilty of excessive violence as in the case of the Moabites (see 2 Sam. 8:2).
22:9 But you will have a son who will be a man of peace [engaged in only one known battle (2 Chron. 8:3)] and rest, and I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side. His name will be Solomon, and I will grant Israel peace and quiet during his reign [Solomon divinely favored to follow David: see 2 Sam. 12:24-25].
Note: The name Solomon derived from “shalom” which means peace. Solomon’s name was actually Jedidiah, which means “beloved of the Lord” (see 2 Sam. 12:24-25).
22:10 He [Solomon] is the one [chosen by God] who will build a house for my Name. He will be my son, and I will be his father [fulfilled in Jesus Christ]. And I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever [Davidic covenant].’
Note: See Nathan’s prophecy in 1 Chronicles 17:12-14.
22:11 “Now, my son, the Lord be with you [should be prayer of every parent], and may you have success [by doing what God has called you to do] and build the house of the Lord your God, as he said you would.
Note: David encouraged the person God had chosen to fulfill his dream.
22:12 May the Lord give you [1 Kings 3:9-12] discretion [good judgment] and understanding when he [God] puts you in command over Israel, so that you may keep the law of the Lord your God.
Note: Discretion and understanding are qualities indispensable to a leader intent on keeping the law of the Lord.
22:13 Then you will have success if [condition] you are careful to observe [obey] the decrees and laws [success measured by obedience] that the Lord gave Moses for Israel. Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid or discouraged.
22:14 “I have taken great pains [affliction: perhaps because David accumulated his wealth in the midst of wars and personal troubles] to provide for the temple of the Lord a hundred thousand talents of gold, a million talents of silver, quantities of bronze and iron too great to be weighed [phrase indicates the Chronicler used hyperbole to make his point], and wood and stone. And you may add to them.
Note: David invested billions of dollars by today’s standards.
22:15 You have many workmen: stonecutters, masons and carpenters, as well as men skilled in every kind of work
22:16 in gold and silver, bronze and iron — craftsmen beyond number. Now begin the work, and the Lord be with you.”
22:17 Then David ordered all the leaders of Israel to help his son Solomon.
Note: David made provision for others to help his son in building the temple.
22:18 He said to them, “Is not the Lord your God with you? And has he not granted you rest on every side? For he has handed the inhabitants of the land over to me, and the land is subject to the Lord and to His people.
22:19 Now devote your heart and soul to seeking the Lord your God. Begin to build the sanctuary of the Lord God, so that you may bring the ark of the covenant of the Lord and the sacred articles belonging to God into the temple that will be built for the Name of the Lord.”
Note: The word “devote” translates the Hebrew word “nathan” which means “to give, place, add, send forth … fasten something in place … apply something to a specific purpose.”