Leviticus 2

The Grain Offering

2:1 “‘When someone brings a grain [word “meat” is used in KJV in the sense of “food”; sometimes referred to as “meal” or “cereal” offering; no blood associated with this offering] offering to the LORD, his offering is to be of [note four kinds of grain offerings in vv. 1, 4, 5, 7…] [A] fine flour [flour after worked and refined by human hands (sweat equity / represented what man had done with God’s gift of grain)]. He is to pour oil [olive oil] on it, put incense [frankincense was expensive] on it

2:2 and take it to Aaron’s sons the priests. The priest shall take a handful of the fine flour and oil, together with all the incense, and burn this as a memorial [suggests the offerer is remembered or that God is reminded of His promise to look after those whom He loves; Ps. 38 and 70 possibly recited with this offering] portion on the altar, an offering made by fire, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

2:3 The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons [see instructions in Lev. 6:16-18]; it is a most holy part of the offerings made to the LORD by fire.

2:4 “‘If you bring a [B] grain offering baked in an oven, it is to consist of fine flour: cakes made without yeast and mixed with oil, or wafers made without yeast and spread with oil.

2:5 If your grain [C] offering is prepared on a griddle, it is to be made of fine flour mixed with oil, and without yeast.

2:6 Crumble it and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.

2:7 If your grain [D] offering is cooked in a pan, it is to be made of fine flour and oil.

2:8 Bring the grain offering made of these things to the LORD; present it to the priest, who shall take it to the altar.

2:9 He shall take out the memorial portion from the grain offering and burn it on the altar as an offering made by fire, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.

2:10 The rest of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the offerings made to the LORD by fire.

2:11 “‘Every grain offering you bring to the LORD must be made without yeast, for you are not to burn any yeast [also forbidden with the Passover meal] or honey [this prohibition against honey only appears in this verse; honey, like yeast, can ferment] in an offering made to the LORD by fire.

2:12 You may bring them to the LORD as an offering of the firstfruits, but they are not to be offered on the altar as a pleasing aroma.

2:13 Season all your grain offerings with salt. Do not leave the salt of the covenant of your God out of your grain offerings; add salt to all your offerings.

2:14 “‘If you bring a grain offering of firstfruits to the LORD, offer crushed heads of new grain roasted in the fire.

2:15 Put oil and incense on it; it is a grain offering.

2:16 The priest shall burn the memorial portion of the crushed grain and the oil, together with all the incense, as an offering made to the LORD by fire.

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