5:14 Later Jesus found [implies Jesus was looking for the man] him [the invalid that Jesus had healed at the pool of Bethesda (5:1-13)] at the temple and said to him, “See, you are well again. Stop [do not continue] sinning [suggests that the man’s infirmity had resulted from some sinful act or habit; may indicate that the now healed man might be tempted to resume his earlier destructive way of life; not all sicknesses are related to an individual’s sins (cf. Jn. 9:2-3)] or something worse [a reference to punishment in hell] may happen to you.”
Note: Have you ever allowed God to use you to warn someone of the consequences of their sinful attitude or actions?
5:15 The man [no indication that the man expressed gratitude to Jesus] went away and told [perhaps out of fear of the Jewish leaders because he had been healed on the Sabbath and had violated Sabbath rules by carrying a burden (cf. 5:10)] the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well.
5:16 So, because Jesus was doing [indicates Jesus continued working on the Sabbath] these things on the Sabbath, the Jews persecuted [verb indicates continuous action] him.
Note: Jesus healed people on the Sabbath on seven different occasions.
• A demon-possessed man Luke 4:31-37
• Peter’s mother-in-law Luke 4:38-39
• A lame man John 5:1-18
• A man with a shriveled hand Luke 6:6-11
• A crippled woman Luke 13:10-17
• A man with dropsy Luke 14:1-6
• A man born blind John 9:1-16
5:17 Jesus said to them, “My [indicates intimate relationship] Father is always [even on the Sabbath] at his work [sustaining the universe] to this very day, and I, too, am working.”
5:18 For this reason the Jews tried all the harder to kill him; not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself equal with God.
5:19 Jesus gave them this answer: “I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does.
5:20 For the Father loves the Son and shows him all he does. Yes, to your amazement he will show him even greater things than these.
5:21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life [Jesus had the ability to renew life physically and to give new life spiritually] to whom he is pleased to give it.
5:22 Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son,
5:23 that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son [cf. Phil. 2:9-11] does not honor the Father, who sent him.
5:24 “I tell you the truth [“amen, amen”], whoever hears [cf. Rom. 10:17] my word [the message of the gospel (God’s solution to the dilemma of sin)] and [note that hearing is not enough] believes him who sent me [these words stress the unity of the Father and the Son] has [immediately upon believing; cf. Jn. 3:18; 1 John 5:12-13] eternal life and will not be condemned [or “does not come into judgment”; cf. Rom. 8:1]; he has crossed [expresses certainty] over from death to life [cf. 1 John 3:14].
Note: What characterizes the lives of those who have truly passed from spiritual death to spiritual life?
5:25 I tell you the truth [“amen, amen”], a time is coming and has now come when the dead [the spiritually dead living under God’s condemnation] will hear the voice of the Son of God and those who hear [to receive and obey] will live.
5:26 For as the Father has life in himself [God is the source and Creator of life], so he has granted the Son to have life in himself.
5:27 And he has given him authority to judge because he is the Son of Man [used in Dan. 7:13-14 as a reference to the Messiah].
5:28 “Do not [stop an action in progress] be amazed at this, for a time is coming [note promise of a future resurrection] when all [suggests a general resurrection of the good and evil alike; none excluded] who are in their graves [those physically dead] will hear his voice
5:29 and come out—those who have done good [those who have believed in Christ; a reminder that works demonstrate the validity of our faith] will rise to live, and those who have done evil [those who do not have a personal relationship with Jesus] will rise to be condemned.
5:30 By myself I can do nothing [cf. Jn. 5:19]; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me.
5:31 “If I testify about myself, my testimony is not valid [in order to be considered valid it had to be supported by two or three witnesses (Deut. 17:6; 19:15)].
5:32 There is another [the Father (cf. Jn. 5:36)] who testifies in my favor, and I know that his testimony about me is valid.
Note: Five witnesses that supplied a compelling testimony to Jesus’ claims:
1. John the Baptist 5:33-35
2. Jesus’ works 5:36
3. The Father 5:37
4. The Scriptures 5:39-40
5. Moses 5:45-47
5:33 “You have sent [fact-finding groups] to [1: John the Baptist was the first witness cited by Jesus] John [cf. Jn. 1:6-8] and he has testified to the truth.
5:34 Not that I accept human testimony [using their system of evidence, Jesus cited the testimony of John for the benefit of his hearers]; but I mention it that you may be saved.
5:35 John was a lamp that burned and gave light [cf. Jn. 1:8], and you chose for a time to enjoy his light.
5:36 “I have testimony weightier [more persuasive; less subject to refutation] than that of John. For the very [2: Jesus’ works: the second witness] work [could include the miracles as well as the teaching and other activities of Jesus; cf. Nicodemus’ words in Jn. 3:2] that the Father has given me to finish, and which I am doing, testifies that the Father has sent me.
5:37 And the Father [3: the third witness to Jesus] who sent me has himself testified [at Jesus’ baptism (Matt. 3:16-17); on the Mount of Transfiguration (Matt. 17:5); before His crucifixion (Jn. 12:28); and in His resurrection (Rom. 1:3-4)] concerning me. You have never heard his voice [they failed to hear God’s voice in Jesus (cf. Jn. 3:34; 17:8)] nor seen his form [they failed to see God in Jesus (cf. Jn. 14:9)],
5:38 nor does his word dwell in you [Jesus’ unhearing and unseeing audience], for you do not believe the one [Jesus] he [the Father] sent.
5:39 You diligently study [research, investigate; the religious leaders were not lax in their study of the Scriptures yet still failed to see the written Word as a testimony to the living Word; while some miss Jesus because they neglect or reject the Bible, some study the Bible without seeing Jesus as its key message] the Scriptures [the OT] because you think [indicates mistaken opinions/assumptions] that by them [cf. Gal. 3:21] you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures [4: Scriptures are the fourth witness] that testify about me,
Note: Why is it important to study the Scriptures carefully?
5:40 yet [in spite of the testimony of the Scripture about Jesus] you refuse [a deliberate choice] to come to [indicates the idea of believing in Jesus as Savior and Lord] me [Jesus] to have life.
5:41 “I do not accept praise from men,
5:42 but I know you [Jesus knew the condition of people]. I know that you do not have the love of God in your hearts.
5:43 I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not accept me [the Father’s personal representative]; but if someone else [other alleged Messiah’s had come (e.g. Simeon ben Kosebah claimed to be the Messiah in AD 132, a claim upheld by Akibah, the most eminent rabbi of the day)] comes in his own name, you will accept him.
5:44 How can you believe if you accept praise from one another [they fed on one another’s acceptance thus making it difficult for anyone to make a stand that differed from the rest], yet make no effort to obtain the praise that comes from the only God?
5:45 “But do not think I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses [i.e., the writings of Moses which they admired so greatly (cf. Jn. 9:28) and misused so tragically; cf. Deut. 31:19-22], on whom your hopes [trust] are set.
5:46 If you believed Moses [5: the fifth witness], you would believe me, for he wrote [cf. Gen. 3:15; Num. 21:9; Num. 24:17; Deut. 18:15-18; Lk. 24:44] about me.
Note: The Bible itself condemns those who reject Jesus.
5:47 But since you do not believe what he [Moses] wrote [their own Scriptures], how are you going to believe what I say?”