John 14

14:1 “Do not [stop an action in progress] let your [plural: Jesus was speaking to Peter and other disciples] hearts [minds] be troubled [Gr. tarasso: describes an ocean caught in the teeth of a storm; apostles troubled because: Jesus’ announcement that one of them was a traitor, Jesus’ warning that Peter would deny Him, and by realization that Jesus was going to die]. Trust in God [the antidote to a troubled heart]; trust also in me.

Note: What troubles your heart? How do you handle the things that trouble you?

14:2 In my Father’s house [heaven is a real place; heaven also described as a kingdom (2 Pet. 1:11), an inheritance (1 Pet. 1:4), a country (Heb. 11:16), a city (Heb. 11:16), and a home (Jn. 14:2)] are many [a figure of speech for unlimited space] rooms [dwelling or abiding places]; if it were not so, I would have told you. [“because” or “for” thus indicating Jesus’ reason for going away] I am going there to prepare [heaven is a prepared place] a place for you [a prepared people].

Note: Some songs and hymns have perpetuated the idea that believers will have personal mansions in heaven—some bigger than others! However, Jesus’ words describe a single home with many rooms laid out around a central courtyard where believers will permanently abide with the Father and enjoy Him forever.

14:3 And if I go and prepare a place for you [heaven is an exclusive place; only those who have trusted Jesus will go to heaven (cf. Acts 4:12; 1 Tim. 2:4-6)], I will [a promise] come back [reference to Jesus’ second coming; cf. Matt. 24:36] and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am.

14:4 You know the way to the place [the Father’s house (v. 2)] where I am going.”

14:5 Thomas [cf. Jn. 11:16; 20:24-28] said to him, “Lord, we don’t know where you are going, so how can we know the way?”

14:6 Jesus answered, “I am [one of seven “I am” statements] the [not “a” way; repeated use of definite article refers to Christ as the (real, unique, exclusive) and only way, truth, life] way [“the Way” was one of the early names for the Christian church (cf. Acts 9:2; 19:9, 23; 22:4; 24:14,22) cf. Matt. 7:14; religion, good works, etc. are not the way (cf. Prov. 14:12)] and the truth [Jesus’ words are completely trustworthy and reliable; in contrast to what is bogus or false; cf. Jn. 8:32] and the life [Jesus is the source of all life, both physical (1:3) and spiritual (11:25); cf. Jn. 10:10,28]. No one comes to the Father except through me [cf. Acts 4:12].

Note: Why do people reject the belief that Jesus is the only way to God? In an age that celebrates tolerance and pluralism, we must faithfully witness to the claims of Jesus in a loving, inoffensive yet uncompromising manner. After all, as Thomas à Kempis concluded, “Without the way there is no going; without the truth there is no knowing; without the life there is no living.”

14:7 [a claim to be God] If you really knew me, you would know my Father as well. From now on, you do know him and have seen him.”

Note: If we want to understand what God the Father is like then we must look at God the Son. Jesus explained God with His words and by His person. Jesus explained that knowing and seeing Him was the same as knowing and seeing the Father.

14:8 Philip said, “Lord, show us the Father and that will be enough [sufficient] for us.”

Note: Philip’s life illustrates that it is possible to become so familiar with Jesus that we fail to recognize who He really is. While nurturing a close walk with Jesus we must always keep in mind that He was more than just a man, He is Immanuel—which means “God with us” (Matt. 1:23).

14:9 Jesus answered: “Don’t you know me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father [cf. Col. 1:15; Heb. 1:1-4]. How can you say, `Show us the Father’?

14:10 Don’t you [Philip] believe that [Jesus stressed the mutual indwelling of Father and Son and the fact that His works were the Father’s works performed through Him] I am in the Father, and that the Father is in me [Jesus expected a “yes” answer from Philip]? The words I say to you are not just my own. Rather, it is the Father, living in me, who is doing his work.

14:11 Believe [involves intellectual content] me when I say that I am in the Father and the Father is in me; or at least believe [go on believing] on the evidence of the miracles themselves.

14:12 I tell you the truth, anyone who has faith [persistent, continuous; the condition for doing “greater things”] in me will do what I have been doing [cf. 14:10-11]. He will do even greater [in scope and number, not in quality; e.g., taking gospel to the world] things than these, because I am going to the Father.

14:13 And I will do whatever [indicates the scope of prayer is unlimited] you ask in my name [in harmony with His will and what pleases Him], so that [purpose for asking] the Son may bring glory to the Father.

14:14 You may ask me [indicates we may pray to the Son as well as to the Father] for anything [this is not carte blanche] in my name [in harmony with His will and His word], and I will do it [cf. Jn. 15:16; 16:23].

Note: Praying “in Jesus’ name” is not the recitation of a magic formula or secret password but rather the recognition of who He is, what He stands for, and what He would seek to accomplish. We must ask only what Jesus would ask and by so doing bring glory to the Father.

14:15 “If you love me, you will obey [guard, keep; cf. 1 Jn. 2:3-4; obedience is the evidence that we have come to know Him (1 Jn. 2:3) and that we love him (1 Jn. 5:2-3)] what I command.

14:16 [note reference to divine Trinity] And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another [another of same kind] Counselor [Gr. parakletos: one called alongside another; advocate, comforter; helper, friend, encourager; one always available to give special care in times of need; also translated Advocate – one who offers legal aid or who pleads the cause of another (1 Jn. 2:1)] to be with [as an unseen companion; Spirit would be to disciples what Jesus was while present with them; Holy Spirit available to guide, help, empower] you forever [not just for a brief or temporary period of time]

14:17 the Spirit of truth [guides believers “into all truth” (cf. Jn. 16:13); reveals the truth about God]. The world [those under the sway of the “prince of this world” (cf. Jn. 16:11)] cannot accept him [the Spirit], because it neither sees him nor knows him [the Holy Spirit is a person and should never referred to by the pronoun “it” but with the personal pronouns “he” and “him”]. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you.

14:18 I will not leave [forsake] you as orphans [comfortless]; I will come to you.

14:19 Before long [indicates Jesus’ death was near], the world will not see me anymore, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live [a promise that the disciples would share in Jesus’ resurrection victory over death].

14:20 On that day [resurrection; coming of the Holy Spirit in Acts] you will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you.

14:21 Whoever has my commands and obeys them, he is the one who loves me. He who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show [to reveal, to manifest, to make visible] myself to him.”

14:22 Then Judas (not Judas Iscariot) said, “But, Lord, why do you intend to show yourself to us and not to the world?”

14:23 Jesus replied, “If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him.

14:24 He who does not love me will not obey my teaching. These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me.

14:25 “All this [Jesus’ last words] I have spoken while still with you.

14:26 But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name [and thereby brings the Son’s presence; as Jesus represented the Father, the Spirit represents the Son], will teach you all [what they needed to know of Jesus and the way of salvation; what they needed to know and convey to future generations] things and will remind you [to cause to remember] of everything I have said to you.

14:27 Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid [to be cowardly, to be timid].

14:28 “You heard me say, `I am going away and I am coming back to you.’ If you loved me, you would be glad that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.

14:29 I have told you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe [come to trust].

14:30 I will not speak with you much longer [time was limited because Satan was working in Judas to betray Him], for the prince of this world is coming. He [Satan] has no hold [was not in control] on me,

14:31 but the world must learn that I love the Father and that I do exactly what my Father has commanded me. “Come now; let us leave.

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