Mark 16

Mark 16:1-7

16:1 When the Sabbath was over, [cf. Matt. 27:56] Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James [“son of Alphaeus” or “James the younger” ], and Salome [probably the mother of James and John] bought spices so that they might go to anoint [no opportunity to anoint Jesus’ body because He died and was buried shortly before the start of the Sabbath] Jesus’ body.

16:2 Very early [“while it was still dark” (Jn. 20:1)] on the first day [Sunday] of the week, just after sunrise, they were on their way to the tomb [the tomb had been sealed and was guarded by Roman soldiers (cf. Matt. 27:66)]

16:3 and they asked each other [note the main concern of the women…], “Who will roll the stone [described as “very large” in 16:4] away from the entrance of the tomb [Mary Magdalene and Jesus’ mother had watched as the tomb was sealed (Mk. 15:46)]?”

16:4 But when they looked up, they saw that the stone, which was very large, had been rolled away [Gr. anakulio means “to roll up / upward”; the stone was moved not to let Jesus out but instead to let the world in].

Note: Regarding position of stone:
• Matt. 27:60 — kulio: “to roll”
• Mark 16:3,4 — anakulio: “to roll up / upward”
• Luke 24:2 — apokulio: “separation in sense of distance, thus rolled away”

16:5 As they entered the tomb, they saw a young man [identified as an angel in Matt. 28:2] dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and they were alarmed [frightened or dumfounded, a natural reaction to what the women encountered].

16:6 “Don’t be alarmed,” he said. “You are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is not here [the women were the first to hear this good news]. See the place where they laid him [cf. Jn. 20:6-7].

16:7 But [the women were given a new assignment] go, tell his disciples and [as if to emphasize that Peter had not been disowned…] Peter, ‘He is going ahead of you into Galilee [Jesus had called most of the disciples there]. There you will see him, just as he told you [cf. Mk. 14:28].’”

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