Deuteronomy 3

Wanderings and Victories in Trans-Jordan — continued

These verses recount the victory of Moses and the Israelites over Og, King of Bashan. The parallel account of this battle is found in Numbers 21:33-35.

With the victories over Sihon and Og, the Israelites controlled the land bordered by Ammon on the east, Jordan on the west, Moab on the south, and as far as Mount Hermon on the north. This territory east of the Jordan was allotted to the tribes of Gad, Reuben, and half the tribe of Manasseh (Numbers 32:33).

Moses’ Encouragement to Possess the Promised Land

Deuteronomy 3:18-29

These verses recount the specific conditions to be met by the tribes of Gad, Reuben, and Manasseh in order to receive their desired allotment of land east of the Jordan. These tribes were required to assist their fellow Israelites in the conquest west of the Jordan. By so doing they would fulfill their obligation toward the Lord and to Israel (Numbers 32:22) and be free to return to their homes east of the Jordan. The tribes agreed to the terms. Read the parallel account in Numbers 32 for more details. Moses also encouraged Joshua, the soon-to-be new leader of the Israelites, to boldly lead the people in the conquest of Canaan (3:21-22).

These verses contain the account of Moses’ earnest pleas to God for permission to cross the Jordan (3:23-25). Moses’ request was denied (3:26). God instructed him to go to the top of Mount Pisgah (also called Nebo) to see the land (3:27) and to charge, encourage, and strengthen Joshua with the responsibility of leading the people into the Promised Land.

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