New American Standard Bible
The King of Glory Entering Zion.
A Psalm of David.
A. The Extent of God’s Vast Domain
24:1 [God owns everything] The earth is the Lord’s, and all it contains, The world, and those [Jew and Gentile] who dwell in it.
24:2 [God made everything] For He has founded it upon the seas And established it upon the rivers.
B. Examination for Participation on Worship at Jerusalem
24:3 [the question; the question and answer motif in verses 3-5, 8, and 10 suggests the psalm was sung antiphonally] Who may ascend into the hill [a reference to Mount Zion; “It is uphill work for the creature to reach the Creator.” CH Spurgeon] of the Lord [in order to worship Him]? And who may stand in His holy place?
24:4 [the answer] [A] He who has clean [faultless] hands [action; deeds; must have purity; “clean hands” are expressive of a “pure heart”] and [B] a pure heart [intention; motives; a symbol of a right attitude; must have sincerity; cf. Ps. 73:1], [C] Who has not lifted up his soul to falsehood [must have humility] [D] And has not sworn deceitfully [must be honest and keep his word; must have integrity].
24:5 [the individual who passes the tests of verse 4 is accepted into the Lord’s presence] He shall receive a blessing from the Lord And righteousness from the God of his salvation.
24:6 This [those who pass the tests of verse 4] is the generation of those who seek [we must be seekers; “an internal desire to please Him” and “an expression of a sincere desire to live in accordance with God’s standards” (Expositor’s Vol. 5)] Him, Who seek Your face—even Jacob. Selah.
C. A Triumphal March
24:7 [similar to verse 9] Lift up your heads, O gates [along with “doors” this is likely a symbolic reference to God’s people collectively], And be lifted up, O ancient doors, That the King of glory may come in [may foreshadow the Messiah’s coming to Jerusalem on Palm Sunday]!
24:8 [similar to verse 10] [the question] Who is the King of glory? [the answer] The Lord strong and mighty, The Lord mighty in battle.
24:9 [similar to verse 7] Lift up your heads, O gates, And lift them up, O ancient doors, That the King of glory may come in!
24:10 [similar to verse 8] [the question] Who is this King of glory? [the answer] The Lord of hosts [or “of armies”], He is the King of glory. Selah.