2 Peter 1

Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ,

1:1 To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:

1:2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.

1:3 His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness.

 1:4 Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature, having escaped the corruption in the world caused by evil desires.

1:5 For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge;

1:6 and to knowledge, self-control; and to self-control, perseverance; and to perseverance, godliness;

1:7 and to godliness, mutual affection; and to mutual affection, love.

1:8 For if you possess these qualities in increasing measure, they will keep you from being ineffective and unproductive in your knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.

1:9 But whoever does not have them is nearsighted and blind, forgetting that they have been cleansed from their past sins.

1:10 Therefore, my brothers and sisters, make every effort to confirm your calling and election. For if you do these things, you will never stumble, 

1:11 and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

1:12 So I will always remind you of these things [cf. spiritual facts listed in preceding verses; to obey and apply the gospel to their lives] even though you know them [the basics of the faith] and are firmly established in the truth you now have.

1:13 I think it is right to refresh [means to “wake up” or to “arouse” someone out of sleep; Peter determined to help believers to stay alert] your memory [concerning the truths he and others had taught them] as long as I live in the tent [reminder of transitory nature of life; our physical body is a fragile, temporary dwelling place; cf. 1 Cor. 5:1,4] of this body,

1:14 because I know that I will soon [suggests Peter thought his death was imminent; Peter martyred in about AD 68; tradition says Peter crucified upside down because he felt unworthy to die in same manner as Jesus] put it aside, as our Lord Jesus Christ has made clear to me [cf. Jn. 21:18-19].

1:15 And I will make every effort [reveals urgency] to see that after my departure [exodus (a moving to another place); Peter would lay aside the tent of his physical body in order to move into eternity] you will always be able to remember these things [most likely a reference to his writings; perhaps a reference to Mark’s Gospel (Peter believed to be Mark’s major source)].

Note: What can you do while living to help others learn and remember God’s Word even after your death?

1:16 We [Peter and the apostles] did not follow cleverly invented [skillfully put together in order to make it appealing and believable] stories [Gr. “muthoi”; myths or fables; untrue, made-up stories] when we told you about [note the issues that Peter affirmed and the false teachers denied…] the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we [Peter, James, John] were eyewitnesses [NT consists of the inspired words of “eyewitnesses”] of his majesty.

1:17 [Peter was an “eyewitness” of the transfiguration (Matt. 17:1-13; Mk. 9:2-13; Lk. 9:28-36)] For he received honor and glory [cf. Matt. 17:2] from God the Father when the voice [of God] came to him [Jesus] from the Majestic Glory, saying, “This is my Son, whom I love [indicates Jesus’ preciousness to the Father]; with him I am well pleased [indicates God’s approval of Jesus].

1:18 We [Peter, James, John] ourselves heard [describes a definite experience] this [God’s] voice that came from heaven when we were with him on the sacred [refers to the holiness of the place of the transfiguration] mountain [location of Transfiguration uncertain; either Mt. Hermon or Mount Tabor].

1:19 And we [Peter and other apostles or all believers in general] have the word of the prophets [preserved in the OT] made more certain [with God’s clear declaration of Jesus’ deity at the Transfiguration], and you will do well to pay attention to it [the message God had given through His prophets], as to a light [cf. Ps. 119:105] shining in a dark place [the world in its sin; the mind in its ignorance], until [give attention to the Scriptures until Jesus returns…] the day dawns [the time of Jesus’ return; the “parousia” (presence or coming] and the morning star [Gr. “phosphoros” (light-bringer); Jesus is “the morning star”; cf. Num. 24:17; Lk. 1:78; Rev. 22:16] rises in your hearts.

1:20 Above all [“knowing this first”; doctrinal truth of highest importance], you must understand [perhaps Peter was here responding to false teachers who were denying the divine origin of Scripture (cf. 1:16)] that no prophecy of Scripture [specifically the OT prophecies] came about by the prophet’s own [private] interpretation [means a “loosing” or “untying” and can be rendered “an explanation” or “a solution”; OT prophets declared the truth as God revealed it to them; the false prophets in Peter’s day interpreted Scripture to fit their false teachings].

Note: Why is the Bible the Word of God and not the Koran, or the Book of Mormon?

1:21 For prophecy never had its origin in the will of man [the Scriptures are not the inventions or product of men], but men spoke [this does not refer to dictation] from God as they were carried along [as wind moves a ship] by the Holy Spirit.

Note: Why is the infallibility of Scripture important to our faith? What role does the Holy Spirit play in helping believers understand Scripture?

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