Genesis 1

Genesis Timeline
・4000 BC Adam
・2000 BC Abraham
・1800 BC Death of Joseph (1804 BC)
・1500 BC Moses

1:1 In the beginning [marks the start of time on earth] God [(Heb. ’elohim) only God can create something out of nothing; God did not create everything simultaneously] created [(Heb. bara’); Latin ex nihilo means “out of nothing”; note comprehensive phrase that indicates the totality of the universe…] the heavens [the infinite space above the earth (includes sun, moon, stars)] and the earth [the world in which humanity exists].

1:2 Now the earth was formless [implies that the earth had not received its final shape; unformed] and empty [lacked contents; unfilled; no life on it], darkness [light had not yet been created] was [looks back at the state of the earth as created in 1:1] over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit [(Heb. ruah which means to breathe or blow)] of God was hovering [supervising His handiwork; root used in Deut. 32:11 of eagle brooding over its young to develop them] over the waters.

1:3 And God said [these words mark off the stages of creation; note that God created by the spoken word], “Let there be light [essential element of life and growth],” and there was light [thus starting the flow of time as measured in days].

The Creative Work of God
・Days 1 – 3 God shaped the creation
・Day 1: light (1:3-5)
・Day 2: water, atmosphere (1:6-8)
・Day 3: earth, vegetation (1:9-13)
・Days 4 – 6 God populated the creation
・Day 4: sun, moon, stars (1:14-19)
・Day 5: sea creatures, birds (1:20-23)
・Day 6: animals (1:24-25), man (1:26-29)

1:4 God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness.

1:5 God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day.

1:6 And God said, “Let there be an expanse [derived from a root that means “to beat out” or “to spread out” and denotes an extended surface (like a dome)] between the waters to separate water [surface water] from water [water in atmosphere].”

1:7 So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. And it was so.

1:8 God called the expanse “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the second day.

1:9 And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place [surface water organized into seas], and let dry ground [would be inhabited by animals and humans, which would be created on day six] appear.” And it was so.

1:10 God called the dry ground “land,” and the gathered waters he called “seas.” And God saw that it was good.

1:11 Then God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing [the means by which each plant and tree would continue to reproduce itself] plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed [the means by which each plant and tree would continue to reproduce itself] in it, according to their various kinds [solid, unbreakable unit that allows for varieties within the kind].” And it was so.

1:12 The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.

1:13 And there was evening, and there was morning—the third day.

1:14 And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to [three services the lights provide…] [1] separate the day from the night, and let them [2] serve as signs to mark seasons and days and years,

1:15 and let them [sun and moon] be lights in the expanse of the sky to [3] give light on the earth.” And it was so.

1:16 [described from the vantage point of looking from earth out into space] God made two great [in comparison (size and significance) to the other heavenly bodies (including stars) viewed from the earth] lights — the greater light [sun] to govern [dominate] the day and the lesser light [moon] to govern [dominate] the night. He also made the stars [cf. Ps. 147:4].

1:17 God [not a big bang or some other cosmic event] set [purposefully and intentionally] them in the expanse of the sky to give light on the earth [cf. 1:15],

1:18 to govern the day and the night [cf. 1:14], and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good [because they provide the light and warmth needed to survive on earth].

1:19 And there was evening, and there was morning — the fourth day.

1:20 And God said, “Let the water [see 1:6] teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the sky [see 1:6].”

1:21 So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

1:22 God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.”

1:23 And there was evening, and there was morning—the fifth day.

1:24 And God said, “Let the land [see 1:9] produce living creatures according to their kinds: livestock [large four-footed beasts], creatures that move along the ground, and wild animals, each according to its kind [solid, unbreakable unit that allows for varieties/mutations within the kind (but not transmutation or one kind becoming another kind)].” And it was so.

1:25 God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.

1:26 Then God said, “Let us [personal (first person); contrast with the impersonal (third person) “Let there be…”; “a plurality in singularity of being” (Hobbs, “The Origin of All Things,” p. 28)] make [out of already created material (Gen. 3:19); no definite article before “man” — therefore could read “mankind”] man [from Hebrew adham, root for soil; term includes both man and woman] in our [“But to me the most satisfactory answer is the Trinity.” (Hobbs, “The Origin of All Things,” p. 28)] image [contrast with the creation account of each creature (“according to their kinds”); from Hebrew root meaning “to cut out or off” as in our expression “a chip off the old block”], in our likeness [or appearance; a more indefinite term than image; emphasizes that although man is like God, he is not God or deity], and let them rule [only man given dominion in God’s creation; to rule over in the sense of subduing, managing, and developing the potential; stewards of God’s creation; dominion over not evolved from] over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.”

1:27 So God created [definite article included in Hebrew, therefore indicating that God began with one man, Adam] man [term includes both man and woman; sexuality makes it possible for them to reproduce after their kind] in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female [cf. 2:18,21-24 re: details as to how woman came to be] he created them.

1:28 God blessed [the blessing is primarily “posterity”] them [male and female] and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule [invested authority, dominion] over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.”

1:29 Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food.

1:30 And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.” And it was so.

1:31 God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning [note Heb. method of reckoning time from sunset to sunset]—the sixth day.

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